Chartism in Middlesbrough

The history of Chartism in Middlesbrough was long forgotten, but the identities of the town’s Chartists and their activities have now been rediscovered. This page lists many of them.

The history of Chartism in Middlesbrough and other Teesside towns was largely ignored until the late 1980s, when Professor Malcolm Chase put right this curious oversight with a fascinating article in the academic journal Northern History.

In Chartism, 1838-1858: Responses in Two Teesside Towns, he overturned the consensus view that Chartism failed to take root in either Middlesbrough or Hartlepool, and began the process of uncovering precisely how Chartism came to the North East and what it involved.

Read more about Chartism in Stockton-on-Tees, Thornaby and Hartlepool.

Middlesbrough Chartists, it appears, were a diverse group, many of whom had migrated to Teesside. They included pottery workers from the Midlands, and more local arrivals from the villages around Stokesley and Northallerton which had been the centre of the linen industry.

In his People’s Republic of Teesside blog, David Walsh makes the point that in its early years, Middlesbrough had not developed into a large scale iron and steel town. Rather, the main employers were the pottery, the docks and wharves, the Stockton and Darlington Railway and a number of small engineering shops and foundries. The jobs of the Middlesbrough Chartists listed in the table below reflect this.

The table is taken from “Chartism and the ‘prehistory’ of Middlesbrough politics”, Bulletin of the Cleveland and Teesside Local History Society 29 (1988), and is reproduced here with the kind permission of the author, Professor Malcolm Chase, author of Chartism: A New History and many other invaluable works on Chartism.

Middlesbrough Chartists

First nameSurnameOccupationAddressLocationNotesActivity
NicholasAlcockSchoolmasterRichmond StreetMiddlesbroughBorn: East Cowton
JohnAndersonIron foundry labourerNewcastle RowMiddlesbroughBorn: Scotland
WilliamAndersonSawyerDacre StreetMiddlesbroughMember of the Chartist Land Company.
FrancisAndrewLabourerGarbutt StreetMiddlesbroughMember of the Chartist Land Company.
GeorgeBarnettNew Brick YardMiddlesbroughBorn: Wilton. Age in 1851: 40Member of the Chartist Land Company.
ThomasBellIronworks labourerNewcastle RowMiddlesbroughMember of the Chartist Land Company.
WilliamBellCoal trimmerWest StreetMiddlesbroughBorn: Ellerbeck. Age in 1851: 36Member of the Chartist Land Company.
JosephBermondGrocerMiddlesbrough
JamesBoardmanBricklayerBolckow StreetMiddlesbroughAge in 1851: 35
ElijahBowellEarthenwear painterStockton StreetMiddlesbroughBorn: Whitby. Age in 1851: 25Member of the Chartist Land Company.
TBradleyMiddlesbrough
ThomasBrownWheelwrightStockton StreetMiddlesbroughMember of the Chartist Land Company.
GeorgeBuffordCoal trimmerMiddlesbroughMember of the Chartist Land Company.
WilliamBurdonStonemasonSilver StreetMiddlesbroughBorn: Kildale. Age in 1851: 45Member of the Chartist Land Company.
JamesCalleyLabourerMill Row/Cross StreetMiddlesbroughMember of the Chartist Land Company.
JosephCalleyLabourerMill Row/Cross StreetMiddlesbroughMember of the Chartist Land Company.
WilliamCalleyLabourerPrince Albert PlaceMiddlesbroughMember of the Chartist Land Company.
RobertCarrBrickmakerStockton StreetMiddlesbroughBorn: Clayton West. Age in 1851: 30Member of the Chartist Land Company.
BenjaminChappellEngineerMiddle Row/Pease StreetMiddlesbroughMember of the Chartist Land Company.
RileyCockcroftStonemasonMiddle Row/Pease StreetMiddlesbroughMember of the Chartist Land Company.
GeorgeCooperPotterMiddlesbroughMember of the Chartist Land Company.
JosephCooperPotterMiddlesbroughMember of the Chartist Land Company.
ThomasCooperPotterMiddlesbroughMember of the Chartist Land Company.
GeorgeCopleyPotter labourerDurham StreetMiddlesbroughBorn: Hunslet. Age in 1851: 40Member of the Chartist Land Company.
HenryCowsersLabourerMiddlesbroughMember of the Chartist Land Company.
WilliamCrabtreeCotton spinnerMiddle Row/Pease StreetMiddlesbroughMember of the Chartist Land Company.
JohnDavisonBricklayerDacre StreetMiddlesbroughAge in 1851: 35Member of the Chartist Land Company.
JamesFarnabyLabourerMiddlesbroughAge in 1851: 44Member of the Chartist Land Company.
EdmundFletcherFulling millerMiddlesbroughMember of the Chartist Land Company.
SFoxMiddlesbrough
WilliamGendleHouse carpenterMiddlesbroughBorn: Plymouth. Age in 1851: 45
GrissellMiddlesbrough
RobertHendersonIronworkerMiddlesbroughBorn: Newcastle
RichardHeslopSailmakerBridge StreetMiddlesbroughBorn: Thorpe Thewles. Age in 1851: 37Member of the Chartist Land Company.
JamesHolinsheadPotterSuffield StreetMiddlesbroughAge in 1851: 45
JohnIbbotsonSmithMiddlesbroughMember of the Chartist Land Company.
WilliamIngledewLabourerMiddlesbroughMember of the Chartist Land Company.
DavidJacksonTailorMiddlesbroughMember of the Chartist Land Company.
JohnJacksonLabourerMiddlesbroughBorn: SkeltonMember of the Chartist Land Company.
GeorgeJobbingBrickmakerThomas StreetMiddlesbroughBorn: Swainby. Age in 1851: 32Member of the Chartist Land Company.
JohnJordisonPrinter/stationerNorth StreetMiddlesbroughBorn: Stainton. Age in 1851: 35Member of the Chartist Land Company.
WilliamKempMechanicMiddlesbroughMember of the Chartist Land Company.
MaryKnottLabourerGosford StreetMiddlesbroughBorn: Durham. Age in 1851: 34Member of the Chartist Land Company.
WilliamLearFurnacemanMiddlesbroughMember of the Chartist Land Company.
EliasMcKenzieSchoolmasterSuffield StreetMiddlesbroughBorn: Scotland. Age in 1851: 44
JohnManEngine driverSmiths YardMiddlesbroughBorn: Sunderland
JohnMarleyMiddlesbrough
JamesMawBricklayer's labourer (later coal depot clerk)Stockton StreetMiddlesbroughBorn: Skelton. Age in 1851: 44Member of the Chartist Land Company.
JamesMeddHairdresser/newsagentDacre StreetMiddlesbroughBorn: Durham
GeorgeMooreShopkeeperGosforth StreetMiddlesbroughMember of the Chartist Land Company.
ThomasMuddCoal trimmerDacre StreetMiddlesbroughAge in 1851: 25Member of the Chartist Land Company.
MatthewMyersLabourerQueens TerraceMiddlesbroughBorn: Washfold. Age in 1851: 48Member of the Chartist Land Company.
O'BrienO'BrienLabourerSuffield StreetMiddlesbrough
WMParvinEngine fitter/makerDacre StreetMiddlesbroughBorn: Stokesley. Age in 1851: 27Member of the Chartist Land Company.
PattisonBlacksmithDurham PlaceMiddlesbrough
RobertPearsonLabourer on railwayParadise RowMiddlesbroughBorn: Long Newton. Age in 1851: 42Member of the Chartist Land Company.
PetoMiddlesbrough
RobertPontinShoemakerJames StreetMiddlesbroughMember of the Chartist Land Company.
RobertPorterSawyerMiddlesbroughMember of the Chartist Land Company.
WilliamPowtonCoal trimmerFeversham StreetMiddlesbroughBorn: Yorkshire. Age in 1851: 41Member of the Chartist Land Company.
WilliamPrestonLabourerStockton StreetMiddlesbroughBorn: Stockton. Age in 1851: 24Member of the Chartist Land Company.
WilliamRobinsonFlour dealerMiddlesbroughMember of the Chartist Land Company.
WilliamSextonBrickmakerMiddlesbroughMember of the Chartist Land Company.
JohnShastiesLabourerMiddlesbroughMember of the Chartist Land Company.
BenjaminShawTailorMiddlesbroughMember of the Chartist Land Company.
JohnShieldsShoemakerMiddlesbroughMember of the Chartist Land Company.
ThomasSmallBrickmakerMiddlesbroughMember of the Chartist Land Company.
MartinSpeckShoemakerCommercial StreetMiddlesbroughMember of the Chartist Land Company.
RobertSpeckMinor (presumably miner, Editor)MiddlesbroughAge in 1851: >25Member of the Chartist Land Company.
ThomasSpenceWeaverStockton StreetMiddlesbroughBorn: Hutton Rudby. Age in 1851: 53Member of the Chartist Land Company.
SamuelSteelPotterMill RowMiddlesbroughBorn: Wath-upon-Dearne. Age in 1851: 29Member of the Chartist Land Company.
WilliamStevensonLabourerSilver StreetMiddlesbroughMember of the Chartist Land Company.
JohnSutherlandPotterSuffield StreetMiddlesbroughBorn: Swinton. Age in 1851: 26
JamesTateIronmoulderMiddlesbroughMember of the Chartist Land Company.
WilliamTateIronmoulderNewcastle RowMiddlesbroughBorn: Dundee. Age in 1851: 28Member of the Chartist Land Company.
WilliamTempleNo tradeMiddlesbroughMember of the Chartist Land Company.
HenryTennantShoemakerMiddlesbroughMember of the Chartist Land Company.
EnochThomasNo tradeMiddlesbroughMember of the Chartist Land Company.
RichardThorntonWell sinker/coal minerSilver StreetMiddlesbroughBorn: Goathland. Age in 1851: 48Member of the Chartist Land Company.
StephenWakeLabourer/tailorGrahams Yard/ Suffield StreetMiddlesbroughBorn: Cowton. Age in 1851: 48Member of the Chartist Land Company.
MosesWalkerTailorDurham StreetMiddlesbroughBorn: Cheshire. Age in 1851: 45Member of the Chartist Land Company.
JohnWardPotterMiddlesbroughMember of the Chartist Land Company.
ThomasWardenShoemakerHope StreetMiddlesbroughMember of the Chartist Land Company.
WilliamWeldonNo tradeMiddlesbroughMember of the Chartist Land Company.
WilliamWilkieFitter/patternmaker/shipwrightGraham StreetMiddlesbroughBorn: Sunderland. Age in 1851: 34Member of the Chartist Land Company.
RichardWinterburnPottery labourerGarbutt StreetMiddlesbroughBorn: Wixoe. Age in 1851: 26Member of the Chartist Land Company.
JohnWisdonCoal trimmerFeversham StreetMiddlesbroughBorn: London. Age in 1851: 40Member of the Chartist Land Company.